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2018
'A study on youth perception of human security at the Local Level '
A study on youth perception of human security at the Local Level

Authors : Soumaya Hichri, Khouloud Tlili 

 

The following is a field study from which qualitative and quantitative data was extracted and analyzed tounderstand the Tunisian youth’s perception of human security and formulate some recommendations based there upon.

 

Based on its firm belief in the youth’s role in making alternative public policies, the RAJ-Tunisie Organization analyzed the Tunisian youth’s perspective of human security and linked it to the adoption of Chapter 7 of the 27 January 2014 Constitution regarding local authorities.

 

The “Active Youth for Security” Project was realized incooperation with the Geneva Center for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), an international organization headquartered in Switzerland dedicated to improving the security of states and people within a framework of democratic governance, the rule of law and respect for human rights.

2015
'Security Sector Governance in the Tunisian Constitution of 27 January 2014'
Security Sector Governance in the Tunisian Constitution of 27 January 2014

ISBN: 978-92-9222-386-1

 

On 8 May 2015, DCAF organized in Tunis a roundtable on “Security Sector Governance in the Tunisian Constitution of 27 January 2014”. This event aimed at analysing the new constitutional framework for security sector governance in Tunisia and to assess the opportunities and challenges related to the implementation of the Constitution in this delicate field.  

Around 20 Tunisian and international participants took part in the discussions, including :

 

  • Representatives from public Tunisian institutions such as the Ministry of Justice, the Assembly of the Representatives of the People, the Truth and Dignity Authority.
  • Tunisian and international experts in constitutional law and political science
  • Representatives from the Tunisian civil society
  •  

    This report is based on the discussions held during the roundtable. It provides a concise analysis of constitutional provisions relating to security sector governance, as well as the participants’ recommendations on their implementation. This publication seeks to raise awareness among policy-makers on the importance of a comprehensive security sector reform so as to bring it in line with the new Constitution’s spirit.

    2016
    'Media and governance of the security sector in Tunisia: a collection of legal texts'
    Media and governance of the security sector in Tunisia: a collection of legal texts

    Authors : Wided Boujeh, Jonas Loetscher, Alia Melki

    ISBN : 978-92-9222-277-2

    2018
    'Guide on Forensic Evidence of alleged Torture and Ill-treatment'
    Guide on Forensic Evidence of alleged Torture and Ill-treatment

    Tunisia ratified the Convention against Torture and established a national commission for the prevention of torture. As part of the implementation of these international standards, it is also important to build the capacity of all key actors involved in the documentation and interpretation of forensic evidence in investigations of alleged torture, including Forensic doctors and magistrates.

     

    For this purpose, DCAF has supported the elaboration of a guide adapted to the needs of the experts concerned in Tunisia and dealing with forensic evidence in cases of alleged torture and ill-treatment. In close collaboration with the Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tunisia, a bilingual guide in Arabic and French was prepared by a group of Tunisian experts composed of five magistrates and five Tunisian Forensic doctors recognized in the field.

     

    This guide includes, in addition to the presentation booklet, four booklets:

     

    • a legal compendium with key references to international and national legal texts;

     

    • a bilingual lexicon on medico-legal and legal terminology;

     

    • standardized documents to facilitate the handling of victims and the judicial inquiry;

     

    • a booklet on relevant international case law on medico-legal evidence.

     

    The main objective of such a guide is to harmonize the terminologies used by the different medical and legal actors involved in the care of victims of ill-treatment and torture and thus to strengthen the protection of these people by ensuring the application of a standardized and transparent procedure.

    2018
    'Guide on Forensic Evidence of alleged Torture and Ill-treatment'
    Guide on Forensic Evidence of alleged Torture and Ill-treatment

    Tunisia ratified the Convention against Torture and established a national commission for the prevention of torture. As part of the implementation of these international standards, it is also important to build the capacity of all key actors involved in the documentation and interpretation of forensic evidence in investigations of alleged torture, including Forensic doctors and magistrates.

     

    For this purpose, DCAF has supported the elaboration of a guide adapted to the needs of the experts concerned in Tunisia and dealing with forensic evidence in cases of alleged torture and ill-treatment. In close collaboration with the Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tunisia, a bilingual guide in Arabic and French was prepared by a group of Tunisian experts composed of five magistrates and five Tunisian Forensic doctors recognized in the field.

     

    This guide includes, in addition to the presentation booklet, four booklets:

     

    • a legal compendium with key references to international and national legal texts;

     

    • a bilingual lexicon on medico-legal and legal terminology;

     

    • standardized documents to facilitate the handling of victims and the judicial inquiry;

     

    • a booklet on relevant international case law on medico-legal evidence.

     

    The main objective of such a guide is to harmonize the terminologies used by the different medical and legal actors involved in the care of victims of ill-treatment and torture and thus to strengthen the protection of these people by ensuring the application of a standardized and transparent procedure.

    2016
    'The Military, the Media and Public Perceptions in Egypt: Communication and Civil-Military Relations'
    The Military, the Media and Public Perceptions in Egypt: Communication and Civil-Military Relations

    Romuald Bolliger, Mohamed Elmenshawy and Ragnar Weilandt

    ISBN: 978-92-9222-421-9

     

    Following the downfall of President Hosni Mubarak in January 2011, and more markedly after the July 2013 ouster of President Mohamed Morsi, Egypt’s military assumed a new role in national politics. In taking on such new responsibilities and control, the military also came to realize the powerful importance of the media, both as a useful political tool and as a significant potential threat.

     

    Building upon their traditional, historical role in Egyptian society, the military resolved to adopt strategies aimed at manipulating and severely controlling media organizations and journalists in order to support the military’s agenda and shape public opinion.

    This paper examines the results of this new military approach to public communication. Specific attention is devoted to the military’s communication strategy, its evolution since January 2011, its effects on civil-military relations, as well as the consequences for media freedom.

    2016
    'Media and governance of the security sector in Tunisia: a collection of legal texts'
    Media and governance of the security sector in Tunisia: a collection of legal texts

    Authors : Wided Boujeh, Jonas Loetscher, Alia Melki

    ISBN : 978-92-9222-277-2

    2015
    'Parliaments: Roles and responsibilities in good security sector governance'
    Parliaments: Roles and responsibilities in good security sector governance

     

    This SSR Backgrounder is about the roles and responsibilities of parliaments in good security sector governance (SSG). While parliaments are unique to each political and legal system, all share similar functions that make them central actors in ensuring good SSG in every democracy. This backgrounder explains how parliaments can apply the principles of good governance to the security sector.

     

    This SSR Backgrounder answers the following questions:

     

  • Why are parliaments important for good SSG?
  • How can parliaments use their legislative functions to provide good SSG?
  • How can parliaments use budget scrutiny to provide good SSG?
  • How do parliaments provide democratic oversight of the security sector?
  • What constraints do parliaments face in contributing to good SSG?
  • How can parliaments support SSR processes?
  • 2015
    'The Justice Sector: Roles and responsibilities in good security sector governance'
    The Justice Sector: Roles and responsibilities in good security sector governance

    This SSR Backgrounder is about the roles and responsibilities of the justice sector in good security sector governance (SSG). The justice sector plays a role in providing security by upholding the rule of law, but it also plays a role in democratic oversight of the security sector by holding security personnel and the state to account before the law. This SSR Backgrounder explains different perspectives on the role of the justice sector in good SSG and why this is relevant to SSR.

     

    This SSR Backgrounder answers the following questions:

    • What is the justice sector?
    • How do the principles of good SSG apply to the justice sector?
    • What is the role of non-state justice providers?
    • How does the justice sector provide security?
    • How does the justice sector provide security sector oversight?

    Why is the justice sector part of SSR?

    2015
    'The Police: Roles and responsibilities in good security sector governance'
    The Police: Roles and responsibilities in good security sector governance

    This SSR Backgrounder is about the roles and responsibilities of police in good security sector governance (SSG). Because of their special powers and their proximity to the population, how the police do their work directly affects the security of individuals and communities on a daily basis, as well as the democratic character of the state itself. Although police organizations differ in every country, this SSR Backgrounder explains how the same principles of good SSG and democratic policing can be adapted to every context.

     

    This SSR Backgrounder answers the following questions:

     

  • What are the police?
  • What are typical features of effective policing?
  • How does democratic policing contribute to good SSG?
  • What are typical features of democratic civilian control of the police?
  • How does SSR affect the police?
  • 2015
    'Making International Intelligence Cooperation Accountable'
    Making International Intelligence Cooperation Accountable

    Hans Born, Ian Leigh and Aidan Wills

    ISBN: 978-92-9222-375-5

     

    Intelligence services perform a valuable service to democratic societies in protecting national security, including safeguarding the fundamental freedoms and human rights of their members. The secret nature of intelligence work can, however, put the services at odds with the principles of an open society.

     

    This applies in particular to international cooperation, where intelligence services try to keep secret why, how, with whom and when they cooperate with other states.

     

    Until relatively recently, international intelligence cooperation was a black box, impenetrable to public scrutiny, about which states gave very little or no information. The secrecy surrounding international cooperation was so high that it was thought to be impossible to address issues of accountability.

     

     

    Against this backdrop, the aim of the guide is to provide practical and specific guidance on how accountability and oversight of international intelligence cooperation can be strengthened on the basis of practical examples.

     

     It is based on international comparative research of legal and institutional frameworks of intelligence oversight, combined with in-depth interviews with former intelligence officials and intelligence overseers.

     

    It covers recent developments in intelligence cooperation, domestic and international standards, as well as internal and external oversight of international cooperation. The guide is an invaluable and practical tool for everyone concerned about accountability in this important but challenging field.

    2015
    'Mapping Study: Ombuds Institutions for the Armed Forces in the OSCE Region'
    Mapping Study: Ombuds Institutions for the Armed Forces in the OSCE Region

    Kim Piaget, Rina Turtio

     

    ISBN: 978-92-9234-904-2

     

    This publication has been developed in joint cooperation between DCAF and the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) as part of an ongoing research project on ombuds institutions for the armed forces. 

     

    It is the result of an effort to conceptualize and examine issues and challenges related to oversight of the armed forces and the promotion of human rights based on the feedback provided by the institutions themselves.

     

    It maps prominent capacity development needs of ombuds institutions in the OSCE region, and offers best practices through which these needs can be addressed. The study also examines different models, functions and approaches of ombuds institutions for the armed forces in the OSCE region.

     

    The mapping study will hopefully help states that wish to establish ombuds institutions by identifying the best format for doing so but it can also support existing ombuds institutions, scholars, policy-makers and armed forces commanders by offering a reference instrument on the current state of ombuds institutions in the OSCE region.

    2015
    'Gender in Tunisian prison reform (Report of the round table of 6 May 2014)'
    Gender in Tunisian prison reform (Report of the round table of 6 May 2014)

    Authors: Lea Beckmann, Wided Boujeh, Emma Ingemansson, Maxime Poulin, Hela Skhiri, Lina Zekri

     

    ISBN: 978-92-9222-389-2

     

    In May 2014, the Ministry of Justice, UN Women and the Geneva Center for the Democratic Control of the Armed Forces (DCAF) organized a round table in Tunis on the “Bangkok Rules: Challenges and Priorities for Tunisia”. 

     

    The event aimed at:

     

  • Raising participant awareness on the principles of the Bangkok Rules;
  • Making an assessment of women’s and girls’ situation in Tunisian prisons;
  • Identifying reform challenges and priorities in this area in Tunisia.
  •  

    On the basis of the discussion held at the round table, the present report examines the detention conditions of women in the Tunisian prison system. It analyses the current legislation and practice governing the prison system for women in Tunisia.    

     

    The issue of women in prison is presently not appropriately addressed in Tunisia:

     

  • Women represent a minority of the prison population, which tends to be forgotten; and the gender perspective has only recently been integrated in prison analysis. 
  • Stakeholders do not have yet enough data to tailor the system to the specific needs of women prisoners.
  • There is no sufficient coordination among the various actors working on gender in the prison system. Many programs and services are available. However, human and financial resources necessary for their effective implementation are lacking.
  •  

    The present report suggests some practical recommendations based on the discussions at the roundtable, including:

     

  • Accelerate the adoption of the law aiming at reducing police custody to 48 hours at most. Provide custody facilities that take into account specificities of girls, pregnant women, nursing mothers and women who have just given birth.   
  • Perform routine checks of women pavilions during visits by judges of sentence enforcement.
  • Strengthen the skills of social workers, psychologists and specialist nurses.
  •  

    The publication of the present report was made possible with the financial support of the DCAF Trust Fund for North Africa (TFNA). Further information on DCAF is available on the DCAF website or on the DCAF Tunisia website.

    2015
    'The Protection of Personal Data in relation to the Security Sector in Morocco'
    The Protection of Personal Data in relation to the Security Sector in Morocco

     

    Cécile Guy, DCAF Geneva

    Alizée Henry, DCAF Geneva

    Habib Belkouch, The Centre for Research in Human Rights and Democracy (CEDHD )

     

    ISBN: 978-92-9222-411-0

     

    This report summarizes the discussions at the seminar on the protection of personal data in relation to the security sector in Morocco, held in Rabat on 19 and 20 October 2015. It aims to assess the situation of the protection of personal data in relation to the security sector in Morocco on the one hand, and to sensitize stakeholders to the importance of protecting citizens' privacy as an issue of major security governance in connected companies on the other hand.